Medical Terms Explained

Arrhythmia

An abnormal heart rhythm

Cardiac

Matters of the heart

Cardiac Arrest

No pulse, death imminent

Defibrillator

A public access defibrillator is an easy to use machine, seen frequently in public places, which provides an electric shock to the heart during cardiac arrest. The machine talks to you to tell you what to do. If a shock is delivered within 8 minutes of cardiac arrest, there is a higher chance of survival.

ECG

An ECG is a recording of the electrical working of the heart, which takes a couple of minutes to do, and involves sticking 12 leads on the chest and wrists and ankles. The ECG is abnormal in 80% of people with a disease which may cause SADS. The machines are common in hospitals and GP surgeries.

Genetic

Inherited conditions, ie. run in families in blood relatives

Ischaemic Heart Disease

Narrowing of the arteries, common in older people, and caused by high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol. Other words for this are 'atherosclerosis' or 'arteriosclerosis'.

Classification of Causes in Medical Terms

  • Structural Heart Disease (SCD)
  • Cardiomyopathies (HCM, DCM, RCM, ARVC)
  • Myocarditis
  • Congential heart disease (abnormal valves, chambers or anomalous coronary arteries, from birth)
  • Marfan's Conduction Diseases
  • WPW
  • Re-entrant pathways Ion channelopathies (SADS)
  • Long/short QT syndrome (natural or iatrogenic)
  • Brugada
  • CPVT (Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia)

Partners & Supporters

  • Cipher Entertainment
    Boden
    ITV Central
    BBC
  • Rothley Park Cricket Club
    De Lisle
    British Heart Foundation
    Rawlins
  • Samworth Brothers
    Gleeds
    East Midlands Ambulance Service
    Barwood
  • YHW
    AFC Andrews
    Leicester City In the Community
    Shepshed Lions - Community First Responders
  • LRSport
    Gateley
    Rothley Parish Council
    Leicester Legends
  • CKI Martial Arts
    Trophy Parlour
    Arrhythmia Alliance
    Loughborough Echo
  • Dickinson & Morris
    Shepshed Lions Club - Community First Responders
    Leicester Tigers
    UK Paintball
  • Oak FM
    UHL Trust
    Leicester Unity Boxing Club
    Loughborough Town Cricket Club
  • Kasabian
    Health For Teens
    Quorn Football Club
    Leicester Coritanian
  • Heartwize
    6PM
    Longslade Community College
    Sports Cardiology UK
  • Leicestershire County Council
    BBC Radio Leicester
    Jessica Michelle School of Dance
    Willmott Dixon
  • Leicester Mercury
    Soar Media
    Leicester City FC Community Trust
    Warriors Basketball Club
  • Leicestershire and Rutland County FA
    Gem 106
    Leicester City Council
    David Wilson Homes
  • Sileby Town CC
    Pukaar News
    Jersey Budd
    Bradgate Park Trust
  • Westleigh Developments
    Musical Village
    Agora
    Demon Media
  • De Montfort Students Union
    Inside Land