CPR

The letters CPR stand for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The term embraces all the procedures, from basic first aid to the most advanced medical interventions that can be used to restore the breathing and circulation in someone whose heart and breathing have stopped.

How To Do CPR

STEP 1

Give 30 chest compressions

  • Place the heel of one hand in the centre of the casualty's chest and the heel of the other on top. Interlock your fingers.
  • Press down on the sternum, 5 to 6 cms (2 to 2.5 inches), 30 times. After each compression release the pressure but don't remove your hands.
  • Do this about 100 to 120 times per minute (around 2 per second)

STEP 2

Give 2 rescue breaths (Continue compressions if you can't do rescue breaths.)

  • Open their airway.
  • Pinch their nose closed, breathe in, cover their mouth with yours and breathe steadily into their mouth. 2 rescue breaths should only take 5 seconds.
  • Make sure their chest rises and falls.

STEP 3

Repeat 30 compressions and then 2 rescue breaths until:

  • Professional help takes over
  • They cough, move and breathe normally, or,
  • You become exhausted

In the event an AED (Defibrillator) arrives:

  • If an automated External Defibrillator arrives – continue CPR and follow the AED instructions (stopping and restarting CPR as advised by the AED)

Why do CPR?

Currently only 10% of people survive a community cardiac arrest. This is frequently because early resuscitation is not started. Early CPR will increase the chance of survival to 50%.

Each minute without CPR means that a further 10% of people will die and 10 minutes without heart output or any resuscitation is almost always fatal.

Where to Learn CPR?

There are many courses around to help you learn CPR. Nationally these courses are provided through such organisations as the St Johns Ambulance Service and the British Heart Foundation.

Within Leicestershire (and Rutland) we have created a collaborative group to provide CPR training to all secondary schools, and can provide hands-on training to sports facilities and some businesses.

Further Information

Partners & Supporters

  • Leicester City FC Community Trust
    Leicester Unity Boxing Club
    Leicester City In the Community
    Longslade Community College
  • LRSport
    Loughborough Echo
    Shepshed Lions - Community First Responders
    De Lisle
  • Gateley
    East Midlands Ambulance Service
    Leicester Legends
    Warriors Basketball Club
  • BBC Radio Leicester
    Dickinson & Morris
    Barwood
    BBC
  • CKI Martial Arts
    Gleeds
    Jessica Michelle School of Dance
    Boden
  • Leicester City Council
    Agora
    British Heart Foundation
    Leicester Tigers
  • Rothley Parish Council
    Sports Cardiology UK
    ITV Central
    Kasabian
  • Samworth Brothers
    Musical Village
    David Wilson Homes
    Leicestershire County Council
  • UHL Trust
    Rawlins
    Willmott Dixon
    Heartwize
  • AFC Andrews
    Pukaar News
    6PM
    Gem 106
  • Demon Media
    Loughborough Town Cricket Club
    Soar Media
    Sileby Town CC
  • Bradgate Park Trust
    Westleigh Developments
    De Montfort Students Union
    Health For Teens
  • Leicester Coritanian
    Jersey Budd
    Arrhythmia Alliance
    Quorn Football Club
  • Trophy Parlour
    Leicester Mercury
    Shepshed Lions Club - Community First Responders
    Inside Land
  • YHW
    Oak FM
    Leicestershire and Rutland County FA
    UK Paintball
  • Cipher Entertainment
    Rothley Park Cricket Club